Irrigation well drilling to promote lawn care? Efficient irrigation, more than a lawn sprinkler system, is essential for the lawns, gardens and farms around Port St Lucie, Florida due to the hot, dry climate. A well-drilled irrigation well can provide a reliable water supply source from underground aquifers. If you need to install a new irrigation system or replace an old well on your property, it’s important to understand the drilling process. As a homeowner or business owner in Port St Lucie, you want professionals, such as PSL Water Guy, that you can trust to get the job done right.
This article will walk you through everything involved in irrigation well drilling step-by-step. You’ll learn:
- How to select the best location and well type for your property
- Common drilling methods and equipment used in our area
- The permitting process and what to expect during drilling
- Testing procedures to ensure water quality and quantity
- Factors to consider when designing your irrigation system
- Costs to budget for the project
- Maintenance tips for long-term performance
Our team at PSL Water Guy has decades of experience drilling irrigation wells locally. We’d be happy to provide a free estimate or answer any questions you have.
What is Irrigation Well Drilling?
So you’re considering installing an irrigation well on your property here in Port St. Lucie. Maybe you want to spruce up your landscaping or grow your fruits and veggies. Irrigation wells can help with that – but have you ever wondered what exactly goes into drilling one?
It may sound complicated, but the basic process is quite straightforward. Our team at PSL Water Guy can walk you through each step. First, we’ll assess your site to find the best location. Factors like depth to the water table, soil type and intended water usage are considered.
Once we get the proper permits from local authorities, the drilling rig shows up! These machines come in different sizes depending on well depth. Our rigs may use rotary or cable tool methods. Rotary rigs have a drill bit attached to a drilling pipe that bores and grinds into the earth. Cable tool rigs use a chuck and cable to manually lift cutting bits in and out of the hole.
As the borehole goes deeper, we insert and grout sections of sturdy steel casing pipe to keep the walls from caving in. Near the bottom, we added a screen made of a specialized material with small holes. This screen section allows water to enter the well while keeping dirt and debris out.
Once drilling is complete, the real fun begins – developing the well! We use a process called surging and jetting to clear out drilling mud and cuttings, getting the aquifer sand and gravel nice and clean. Then it’s time for yield and water quality testing before installing your new pump system.
Pump selection depends on factors like desired water pressure, flow rate, and depth of water. Our experts will size it correctly for your system. We also handle full installation, from placing the pump in the well to hooking it up to your irrigation lines above ground.
Doesn’t that all sound pretty straightforward? Of course, every site well presents its challenges. But that’s why you want seasoned professionals like us to do the job. We’d love to provide you with an estimate and answer any other questions you may have. Your green thumb will thank you!
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Site Assessment and Planning
Now that you’ve got an idea of the drilling process, let’s talk about site assessment. This is the most important first step because it will determine your well’s location and potential success. Our team at PSL Water Guy takes the time to thoroughly evaluate each property.
We’ll start with a consultation to understand your water needs and get to know the lay of your land. Then it’s time for some hands-on assessing. We use techniques like digging test holes and monitoring water levels to get a feel for your soil and the underground water table. This tells us how deep we may need to drill.
Other factors we consider include proximity to potential contaminants, like septic systems or fertilized areas. We also check local regulations on setbacks from property lines. You’ll need the proper permits in place, so we can advise on that paperwork process too.
Once the assessment is complete, we’ll sit down together to go over our findings and recommendations. Maybe one area is better suited than another. We’ll discuss well types like driven point wells for shallow water or drilled wells that go much deeper.
Located in Port St. Lucie, our team knows the ins and outs of local soil and water conditions. We can provide valuable input on the best design and construction methods for a successful well at your specific site.
It’s so important to get the initial site work right because it can save big headaches and expenses down the road. You want an experienced company you trust to assess your property. That’s why we stand behind all our irrigation well installations with a satisfaction guarantee.
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Drilling Methods and Equipment
By now you’ve got a good idea of what goes into planning an irrigation well project. But we have yet to talk much about the actual drilling part – and that’s what gets people curious! At PSL Water Guy, we use two common methods: rotary and cable tools.
The rotary rig is one of the most popular choices around here in Florida. It works kind of like a power drill, using a drill bit attached to a hollow drill pipe. As the bit grinds into the ground, a motor turns the pipe to pulverize the material. Our rig pumps drill “mud” down the pipe to carry cuttings up and lubricate the bit.
Speaking of mud, it may sound messy but it serves an important purpose. The circulating mud cools the bit, reduces friction, and stabilizes the borehole. We carefully choose the right mud mixture for each site’s soil conditions. The result is a smooth, straight hole for installing your well components.
Some older wells still use cable tool rigs, which work through a manual up-and-down pounding motion. This method requires more muscle but allows drilling through harder rock formations. The bit is attached to a cable and is lifted and dropped using an engine or pulley system.
Whichever drilling technique we use, it’s powered by some heavy-duty equipment. Our rig masts tower over 50 feet high. The drill pipe alone can extend thousands of feet underground. It takes specialized machinery to make drilling a precise and efficient process.
At PSL Water Guy, our experienced crews know all the ins and outs of the equipment. We take pride in getting the job done safely and cleanly for our customers. After the well is complete, we clean up and remove all drilling remnants from your property.
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Well Development and Testing
Now that the drilling is all done, it’s time for some important finishing steps – development and testing. Even though the borehole looks clean, it’s full of loose material that was stirred up during drilling. If we don’t remove it, your new well could be all clogged up!
That’s where our development process comes in. We use a technique called surging and jetting to thoroughly scour the walls and open up water-bearing fractures and pores in the aquifer. A special tool is lowered inside and rapidly moved up and down, creating surges of pressurized water. This blasts away any remaining silt or clay.
Jetting involves high-pressure hoses to further scour and wash debris out of the well. The surging and jetting action can take several hours, but it’s well worth it to ensure maximum water flow. By the end, the water should be clear with no sand or sediment.
With development complete, now it’s time for the real test – a pumping test. We bring in our specialized equipment to continuously pump water from your new well for a set period, usually 8 hours or more. This simulates the regular pumping from an irrigation system.
During the test, we carefully monitor the well’s ability to recharge itself and maintain a certain pumping level. We also collect water samples to submit for thorough lab water quality analysis. This testing verifies your well can produce clean, usable water for its intended purpose.
Here at PSL Water Guy, we stand behind all our work. That’s why testing is so important, as it gives you peace of mind that your new irrigation system will perform as expected for years to come. We take the time to explain any results and answer all your questions.
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Pump System Installation and Maintenance
Now that your new well is developed and tested, it’s time to finish the job with the pump installation! As the local experts, we’ll evaluate your property and water needs to select the perfect pump.
There are different pump types suitable for various well depths and desired water pressure. A submersible pump sits at the bottom of the well, keeping motor components safely below ground. This type is common for deeper wells. Another option is a line-shaft pump mounted above ground with a drive unit lowered down the well casing.
We consider factors like how many sprinkler heads or drip zones you need, the terrain, and whether you want basic irrigation or a fancy smart system. Our goal is to find a pump that matches your system and lasts for years to come.
Installing the pump is a bit more involved than just dropping it in. We carefully position it at the proper depth and connect all the electrical and plumbing components. This includes dropping wire, attaching pipes, and setting up a holding tank or pressure tank if needed.
Once in place, we perform final checks and adjustments to ensure smooth and efficient operation. Then it’s time for the fun part – watching your new system come to life! We’ll program any controls and walk you through basic maintenance.
This leads me to the importance of routine system checks. At PSL Water Guy, we recommend seasonal maintenance to flush sediment and inspect for issues. Proper pump lubrication and keeping electrical connections clean can add years to your equipment’s lifespan.
Give us a call if you ever notice any performance changes. Catching small problems early helps with saving money by preventing expensive repairs down the road. Our team is here to help keep your irrigation water system running smoothly for many growing seasons!
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Frequently Asked Questions
With proper installation and maintenance, a well can last 30+ years! Factors like local water quality, pumping levels, and care all affect its lifespan. Our wells are built to stand the test of time with Florida’s highest-quality materials.
We recommend seasonal maintenance checks. This includes inspecting the well cap and drop pipe, lubricating pumps, and testing chlorine levels. Catching small issues early prevents expensive repairs! As for water testing, every 3 years is a good standard.
It depends on the issue, but there are usually options! Our team is very experienced in rehabilitating older wells. We might try cleaning, redeveloping, or replacing worn parts. As a last resort, a new well installation is also possible if the old one can’t be saved.
Two big ones are dropping water levels and saltwater intrusion. Proper well construction, controlled pumping, and sometimes lining or sealing can help. Call us for options if these occur – we’re always happy to evaluate your well and recommend solutions!
Property size, plant/crop types, soil type and sun/shade are all considered. The goal is an efficient, customized design for your needs. Our free estimates include system design advice. Just let us know how we can create an ideal setup – contact us today!
Well Drilling: A Landscaping Investment – Call Our Team
PSL Water Guy is a locally owned and operated business dedicated to optimizing the water supply in your home or business. It is our goal to save homeowners money on water bills while making water cleaner and safer to drink for your family or clients. While surface water goes through its own natural filtration journey, we know that other materials can be present in city water that can pose potential health concerns. Our team provides free water testing, water treatment systems and services, and drilling water wells to draw water that is potable. Whether you are ready to save on your water bill, repair a shallow well, need additional excavation, or are considering expanding landscaping, give our team a call.